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        2. 英語演講7. Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet



          2008-10-16 22:19

          英語演講7. Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet


          7. Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet

          Mr. Moderator, Reverend Cleage, Brother Lomax, brothers and sisters, and
          Malcolm friends --and I see some enemies.

          In fact, I think we’d be fooling

          Read Abourselves if we had an audience this large and didn’t realize that there
          History were some enemies present.

          Free Re Toolbar

          This afternoon we want to talk about "The ballot or the bullet." The ballot BlackHisto
          or the bullet explains itself. But before we get into it, since this is the year
          of the ballot or the bullet, I would like to clarify some things that refer to
          me personally --concerning my own personal position.

          The DNA Project.

          I'm still a Muslim. That is, my religion is still Islam. My religion is still

          Trace you Islam. I still credit Mr. Mohammed for what I know and what I am. He's the
          ancestraone who opened my eyes. At present, I'm the Minister of the newlyDNA Dis
          founded Muslim Mosque, Incorporated, which has its offices in the Teresaethnic o

          Hotel, right in the heart of Harlem --that’s the black belt in New York city. www.dnaa
          And when we realize that Adam Clayton Powell is a Christian minister, he’s
          the --he heads Abyssinian Baptist Church, but at the same time, he’s more
          famous for his political struggling.

          And Dr. King is a Christian Minister, in Atlanta --from Atlanta Georgia --or TripleGro.
          in Atlanta, Georgia, but he’s become more famous for being involved in the
          civil rights struggle. There’s another in New York, Reverend Galamison --I
          don’t know if you’ve heard of him out here --he’s a Christian Minister from
          Brooklyn, but has become famous for his fight against a segregated school
          system in Brooklyn. Reverend Cleage, right here, is a Christian Minister,
          here in Detroit. He’s the head of the “Freedom Now Party.“
          All of these are
          Christian Ministers --All of these are Christian Ministers, but they don’t
          come to us as Christian Ministers. They come to us as fighters in some
          other category.

          I’m a Muslim minister. The same as they are Christian Ministers, I’ma
          Muslim minister. And I don’t believe in fighting today in any one front, but
          on all fronts. In fact, I’m a "Black Nationalist Freedom Fighter." Islam is my
          religion, but I believe my religion is my personal business. It governs my
          personal life, my personal morals. And my religious philosophy is personal
          between me and the God in whom I believe; just as the religious
          philosophy of these others is between them and the God in whom they

          And this is best this way. Were we to come out here discussing religion,
          we’d have too many differences from the outstart and we could never get
          together. So today, though Islam is my religious philosophy, my political,
          economic, and social philosophy is Black Nationalism. You and I --As I say,
          if we bring up religion we’ll have differences; we’ll have arguments; and
          we’ll never be able to get together. But if we keep our religion at home,
          keep our religion in the closet, keep our religion between ourselves and our
          God, but when we come out here, we have a fight that’s common to all of
          us against a [sic] enemy who is common to all of us.

          The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that the black
          man should control the politics and the politicians in his own community.
          The --The time --The time when white people can come in our community
          and get us to vote for them so that they can be our political leaders and
          tell us what to do and what not to do is long gone. By the same token, the
          time when that same white man, knowing that your eyes are too far open,
          can send another negro into the community and get you and me to support
          him so he can use him to lead us astray --those days are long gone too.

          The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that if you and I
          are going to live in a Black community --and that’s where we’re going to
          live, 'cause as soon as you move into one of their --soon as you move out
          of the Black community into their community, it’s mixed for a period of
          time, but they’re gone and you’re right there all by yourself again. We
          must --We must understand the politics of our community and we must
          know what politics is supposed to produce. We must know what part
          politics play in our lives. And until we become politically mature we will
          always be mislead, lead astray, or deceived or maneuvered into supporting
          someone politically who doesn’t have the good of our community at heart.
          So the political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that we will
          have to carry on a program, a political program, of re-education to open
          our people's eyes, make us become more politically conscious, politically
          mature, and then we will --whenever we get ready to cast our ballot, that
          ballot will be --will be cast for a man of the community who has the good
          of the community of heart.

          The economic philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that we should
          own and operate and control the economy of our community. You would
          never --You can’t open up a black store in a white community. White men
          won’t even patronize you. And he’s not wrong. He’s got sense enough to
          look out for himself. You the one who don’t have sense enough to look out
          for yourself. The white man --The white man is too intelligent to let
          someone else come and gain control of the economy of his community. But
          you will let anybody come in and take control of the economy of your
          community, control the housing, control the education, control the jobs,
          control the businesses, under the pretext that you want to integrate. No,
          you're out of your mind.

          The political --The economic philosophy of Black Nationalism only means
          that we have to become involved in a program of reeducation to educate
          our people into the importance of knowing that when you spend your dollar
          out of the community in which you live, the community in which you spend
          your money becomes richer and richer; the community out which you take
          your money becomes poorer and poorer. And because these negroes, who
          have been mislead, misguided, are breaking their necks to take their
          money and spend it with The Man, The Man is becoming richer and richer,
          and you’re becoming poorer and poorer. And then what happens? The
          community in which you live becomes a slum. It becomes a ghetto. The
          conditions become run down. And then you have the audacity to --to
          complain about poor housing in a run-down community. Why you run it
          down yourself when you take your dollar out.

          And you and I are in a double-track, because not only do we lose by taking
          our money someplace else and spending it, when we try and spend it in
          our own community we’re trapped because we haven’t had sense enough
          to set up stores and control the businesses of our community. The man
          who’s controlling the stores in our community is a man who doesn’t look
          like we do. He’s a man who doesn’t even live in the community. So you
          and I, even when we try and spend our money in the block where we live
          or the area where we live, we’re spending it with a man who, when the sun
          goes down, takes that basket full of money in another part of the town.

          So we’re trapped, trapped, double-trapped, triple-trapped. Anywhere we
          go we find that we’re trapped. And every kind of solution that someone
          comes up with is just another trap. But the political and economic
          philosophy of Black Nationalism --the economic philosophy of Black
          Nationalism shows our people the importance of setting up these little
          stores and developing them and expanding them into larger operations.
          Woolworth didn’t start out big like they are today. They started out with a
          dime store and expanded and expanded and then expanded until today,
          they’re are all over the country and all over the world, and they get to
          some of everybody’s money. Now this is what you and I --General Motors
          [is] the same way. They didn’t start out like it is. It started out just a little
          rat race type operation. And it expanded and it expanded until today it's
          where it is right now. And you and I have to make a start and the best
          place to start is right in the community where we live. #p#副標題#e#

          So our people not only have to be reeducated to the importance of
          supporting black business, but the black man himself has to be made
          aware of the importance of going into business. And once you and I go into
          business, we own and operate at least the businesses in our community.
          What we will be doing is developing a situation wherein we will actually be
          able to create employment for the people in the community. And once you
          can create some --some employment in the community where you live it
          will eliminate the necessity of you and me having to act ignorantly and
          disgracefully, boycotting and picketing some "cracker" some place else
          trying to beg him for a job.

          Anytime you have to rely upon your enemy for a job, you’re in bad shape.
          When you have --He is your enemy. Let me tell you, you wouldn’t be in
          this country if some enemy hadn’t kidnapped you and brought you here.
          On the other hand, some of you think you came here on the Mayflower.

          So as you can see brothers and sisters, today --this afternoon, it's not our
          intention to discuss religion. We’re going to forget religion. If we bring up
          religion, we’ll be in an argument, and the best way to keep away from

          arguments and differences, as I said earlier, put your religion at home --in
          the closet. Keep it between you and your God. Because if it hasn’t done
          anything more for you than it has, you need to forget it anyway.

          Whether you are --Whether you are a Christian, or a Muslim, or a
          Nationalist, we all have the same problem. They don’t hang you because
          you’re a Baptist; they hang you 'cause you’re black. They don’t attack me
          because I’m a Muslim; they attack me 'cause I’m black. They attack all of
          us for the same reason; all of us catch hell from the same enemy. We’re all
          in the same bag, in the same boat. We suffer political oppression,
          economic exploitation, and social degradation --all of them from the same
          enemy. The government has failed us; you can’t deny that. Anytime you
          live in the twentieth century, 1964, and you walkin' around here singing
          “We Shall Overcome,“
          the government has failed us.

          This is part of what’s wrong with you --you do too much singing. Today it’s
          time to stop singing and start swinging. You can’t sing up on freedom, but
          you can swing up on some freedom. Cassius Clay can sing, but singing
          didn’t help him to become the heavyweight champion of the world;
          swinging helped him become the heavyweight champion. This government
          has failed us; the government itself has failed us, and the white liberals
          who have been posing as our friends have failed us.

          And once we see that all these other sources to which we’ve turned have
          failed, we stop turning to them and turn to ourselves. We need a self help
          program, a do-it --a-do-it-yourself philosophy, a do-it-right-now
          philosophy, a it’s-already-too-late philosophy. This is what you and I need
          to get with, and the only time --the only way we're going to solve our
          problem is with a self-help program. Before we can get a self-help program
          started we have to have a self-help philosophy.

          Black Nationalism is a self-help philosophy. What's so good about it? You
          can stay right in the church where you are and still take Black Nationalism
          as your philosophy. You can stay in any kind of civic organization that you
          belong to and still take black nationalism as your philosophy. You can be
          an atheist and still take black nationalism as your philosophy. This is a
          philosophy that eliminates the necessity for division and argument. 'Cause
          if you're black you should be thinking black, and if you are black and you
          not thinking black at this late date, well I’m sorry for you.

          Once you change your philosophy, you change your thought pattern. Once
          you change your thought pattern, you change your --your attitude. Once
          you change your attitude, it changes your behavior pattern and then you
          go on into some action. As long as you gotta sit-down philosophy, you’ll
          have a sit-down thought pattern, and as long as you think that old sit

          down thought you’ll be in some kind of sit-down action. They’ll have you
          sitting in everywhere. It’s not so good to refer to what you’re going to do
          as a "sit-in." That right there castrates you. Right there it brings you down.
          What --What goes with it? What --Think of the image of a someone
          sitting. An old woman can sit. An old man can sit. A chump can sit. A
          coward can sit. Anything can sit. Well you and I been sitting long enough,
          and it’s time today for us to start doing some standing, and some fighting
          to back that up.

          When we look like --at other parts of this earth upon which we live, we
          find that black, brown, red, and yellow people in Africa and Asia are getting
          their independence. They’re not getting it by singing “We Shall Overcome.“
          No, they’re getting it through nationalism. It is nationalism that brought
          about the independence of the people in Asia. Every nation in Asia gained
          its independence through the philosophy of nationalism. Every nation on
          the African continent that has gotten its independence brought it about
          through the philosophy of nationalism. And it will take black nationalism --
          that to bring about the freedom of 22 million Afro-Americans here in this
          country where we have suffered colonialism for the past 400 years.

          America is just as much a colonial power as England ever was. America is
          just as much a colonial power as France ever was. In fact, America is more
          so a colonial power than they because she’s a hypocritical colonial power
          behind it.

          What is 20th --What do you call second class citizenship? Why, that’s
          colonization. Second class citizenship is nothing but 20th century slavery.
          How you gonna tell me you’re a second class citizen? They don’t have
          second class citizenship in any other government on this earth. They just

          have slaves and people who are free. Well this country is a hypocrite. They
          try and make you think they set you free by calling you a second class
          citizen. No, you’re nothing but a 20th century slave.

          Just as it took nationalism to move --to remove colonialism from Asia and
          Africa, it’ll take black nationalism today to remove colonialism from the
          backs and the minds of 22 million Afro-Americans here in this country.

          And 1964 looks like it might be the year of the ballot or the bullet.

          Why does it look like it might be the year of the ballot or the bullet?
          Because Negroes have listened to the trickery, and the lies, and the false
          promises of the white man now for too long. And they’re fed up. They’ve
          become disenchanted. They’ve become disillusioned. They’ve become
          dissatisfied, and all of this has built up frustrations in the black community

          that makes the black community throughout America today more explosive
          than all of the atomic bombs the Russians can ever invent. Whenever you
          got a racial powder keg sitting in your lap, you’re in more trouble than if
          you had an atomic powder keg sitting in your lap. When a racial powder
          keg goes off, it doesn’t care who it knocks out the way. Understand this,
          it’s dangerous.

          And in 1964 this seems to be the year, because what can the white man
          use now to fool us after he put down that march on Washington? And you
          see all through that now. He tricked you, had you marching down to
          Washington. Yes, had you marching back and forth between the feet of a
          dead man named Lincoln and another dead man named George
          Washington singing “We Shall Overcome.“
          He made a chump out of you.
          He made a fool out of you. He made you think you were going somewhere
          and you end up going nowhere but between Lincoln and Washington.

          So today, our people are disillusioned. They’ve become disenchanted.
          They’ve become dissatisfied, and in their frustrations they want action.

          And in 1964 you’ll see this young black man, this new generation asking
          for the ballot or the bullet. That old Uncle Tom action is outdated. The
          young generation don’t want to hear anything about the odds are against
          us. What do we care about odds?

          When this country here was first being founded there were 13 colonies.
          The --The whites were colonized. They were fed up with this taxation
          without representation, so some of them stood up and said “liberty or
          Though I went to a white school over here in Mason, Michigan, the
          white man made the mistake of letting me read his history books. He made
          the mistake of teaching me that Patrick Henry was a patriot, and George
          Washington, wasn’t nothing non-violent about old Pat or George

          Liberty or death was what brought about the freedom of whites in this
          country from the English. They didn’t care about the odds. Why they faced
          the wrath of the entire British Empire. And in those days they used to say
          that the British Empire was so vast and so powerful when the sun --the
          sun would never set on it. This is how big it was, yet these 13 little
          scrawny states, tired of taxation without representation, tired of being
          exploited and oppressed and degraded, told that big British Empire “liberty
          or death.“

          And here you have 22 million Afro-American black people today catching
          more hell than Patrick Henry ever saw. And I’m -- I’m here to tell you in
          case you don’t know it --that you got a new --you got a new generation
          of black people in this country who don’t care anything whatsoever about
          odds. They don’t want to hear you old Uncle Tom handkerchief heads
          talking about the odds. No. This is a new generation. If they’re gonna draft
          these young black men and send them over to Korea or South Vietnam to
          face 800 million Chinese --if you’re not afraid of those odds, you shouldn’t
          be afraid of these odds.

          Why is --Why does this loom to be such an explosive political year?
          Because this is the year of politics. This is the year when all of the white
          politicians are going to come into the Negro community. You never see
          them until election time. You can’t find them until election time. They’re
          going to come in with false promises, and as they make these false
          promises they're gonna feed our frustrations and this will only serve to
          make matters worse. #p#副標題#e#

          I’m no politician. I’m not even a student of politics. I’m not a Republican, Women
          nor a Democrat, nor an American, and got sense enough to know it. I’m Why Are
          one of the 22 million black victims of the Democrats, one of the 22 million Leaving

          Careers black victims of the Republicans, and one of the 22 million black victims of
          from To

          Americanism. And when I speak, I don’t speak as a Democrat, or a Leaders
          Republican, *nor an American.* I speak as a victim of America’s so-called Women-in
          democracy. You and I have never seen democracy; all we’ve seen is
          hypocrisy. When we open our eyes today and look around America, we see
          America not through the eyes of someone who have --who has enjoyed

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          the fruits of Americanism, we see America through the eyes of someone Singles

          who has been the victim of Americanism. We don’t see any American Find Ho
          dream; we’ve experienced only the American nightmare. We haven’t Local Si
          benefited from America’s democracy; we’ve only suffered from America’s Today F
          hypocrisy. And the generation that’s coming up now can see it and are not Profiles,
          afraid to say it. Chat!

          If you --If you go to jail, so what? If you black, you were born in jail. If
          you black, you were born in jail, in the North as well as the South. Stop
          talking about the South. Long as you south of the --Long as you south of Tender
          the Canadian border, you’re south. Don’t call Governor Wallace a Dixie Search
          governor; Romney is a Dixie governor. Online G

          Twenty-two million black victims of Americanism are waking up and they’re Invitatio

          tendernew gaining a new political consciousness, becoming politically mature. And as
          they become --develop this political maturity, they’re able to see the
          recent trends in these political elections. They see that the whites are so
          evenly divided that every time they vote the race is so close they have to
          go back and count the votes all over again. And that...which means that

          Singlesany block, any minority that has a block of votes that stick together is in a

          God Ble
          strategic position. Either way you go, that’s who gets it. You’re --You're in

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          a position to determine who will go to the White House and who will stay in

          Private C
          the dog house. You’re the one who has that power. You can keep Johnson Profiles
          in Washington D.C., or you can send him back to his Texas cotton patch. www.MyC
          You’re the one who sent Kennedy to Washington. You’re the one who put
          the present Democratic Administration in Washington D.C. The whites were
          evenly divided. It was the fact that you threw 80 percent of your votes
          behind the Democrats that put the Democrats in the White House.

          When you see this, you can see that the Negro vote is the key factor. And
          despite the fact that you are in a position to --to be the determining
          factor, what do you get out of it? The Democrats have been in Washington

          D.C. only because of the Negro vote. They’ve been down there four years,
          and they're --all other legislation they wanted to bring up they brought it
          up and gotten it out of the way, and now they bring up you. And now, they
          bring up you. You put them first, and they put you last, 'cause you’re a
          chump, a political chump. #p#副標題#e#
          In Washington D.C., in the House of Representatives, there are 257 who
          are Democrats; only 177 are Republican. In the Senate there are 67
          Democrats; only 33 are Republicans. The Party that you backed controls
          two-thirds of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and still they
          can’t keep their promise to you, 'cause you’re a chump. Anytime you throw
          your weight behind a political party that controls two-thirds of the
          government, and that Party can’t keep the promise that it made to you
          during election time, and you’re dumb enough to walk around continuing to
          identify yourself with that Party, you’re not only a chump, but you’re a
          traitor to your race.

          And what kind of alibi do they come up with? They try and pass the buck to
          the Dixiecrats. Now back during the days when you were blind, deaf, and
          dumb, ignorant, politically immature, naturally you went along with that.
          But today as your eyes come open, and you develop political maturity,
          you’re able to see and think for yourself, and you can see that a Dixiecrat
          is nothing but a Democrat in disguise.

          You look at the structure of the government that controls this country; it’s
          controlled by 16 senatorial committees and 20 congressional committees.
          Of the 16 senatorial committees that run the government, 10 of them are
          in the hands of Southern segregationists. Of the 20 congressional
          committees that run the government, 12 of them in the --are in the hands
          of Southern segregationists. And they're going to tell you and me that the
          South lost the war.

          You, today, have --are in the hands of a government of segregationists,
          racists, white supremacists who belong to the Democratic party, but
          disguise themselves as Dixiecrats. A Dixiecrat is nothing but a Democrat.
          Whoever runs the Democrats is also the father of the Dixiecrats, and the
          father of all of them is sitting in the White House. I say and I say it again:
          You got a President who’s nothing but a Southern segregationist from the
          state of Texas. They’ll lynch you in Texas as quick as they’ll lynch you in
          Mississippi. Only in --in Texas they lynch you with a Texas accent; in
          Mississippi they lynch you with a Mississippi accent.

          And the first thing the cracker does when he comes in power, he takes all
          the Negro leaders and invites them for coffee to show that he’s alright. And
          those Uncle Toms can’t pass up the coffee. They come away from the
          coffee table telling you and me that this man is alright 'cause he’s from the
          South, and since he’s from the South he can deal with the South. Look at
          the logic that they’re using. What about Eastland? He’s from the South.
          Make him the President. He can --If Johnson is a good man 'cause he’s
          from Texas, and being from Texas will enable him to deal with the South,
          Eastland can deal with the South better than Johnson. Oh, I say you been
          mislead. You been had. You been took.

          I was in Washington a couple weeks ago while the Senators were
          filibustering, and I noticed in the back of the Senate a huge map, and on
          this map it showed the distribution of Negroes in America, and surprisingly
          the same Senators that were involved in the filibuster were from the states
          where there were the most Negroes. Why were they filibustering the civil
          rights legislation? Because the civil rights legislation is supposed to
          guarantee voting rights to Negroes in those states, and those senators
          from those states know that if the Negroes in those states can vote, those
          senators are down the drain. The Representatives of those states go down
          the drain. And in the Constitution of this country it has a stipulation
          wherein whenever the rights, the voting rights, of people in a certain
          district are violated, then the Representative who --who’s from that
          particular district, according to the Constitution, is supposed to be expelled
          from the Congress. Now, if this particular aspect of the Constitution was
          enforced, why you wouldn’t have a cracker in Washington D.C. But what
          would happen when you expel the Dixiecrat, you’re expelling the
          Democrat. When you destroy the power of the Dixiecrat, you’re destroying
          the power --power of the Democratic Party. So how in the world can the
          Democratic Party in the South actually side with you in sincerity, when all
          of its power is based in the --in the South?

          These Northern Democrats are in cahoots with the Southern Democrats.
          They’re playing a giant con game, a political con game. You know how it
          goes. One of them --One of them comes to you and makes believe he's for
          you, and he’s in cahoots with the other one that’s not for you. Why?
          Because neither one of them is for you, but they got to make you go with
          one of them or the other. So this is a con game. And this is what they’ve
          been doing with you and me all these years.

          First thing Johnson got off the plane when he become President, he asked
          “Where’s Dicky?“
          You know who “Dicky“
          is? Dicky is old Southern cracker
          Richard -- Richard Russell. Look here, yes. Lyndon B. Johnson’s best friend
          is the one who is the head, who’s heading the forces that are filibustering
          civil rights legislation. You tell me how in the hell is he going to be
          Johnson’s best friend? How can Johnson be his friend and your friend too?
          No, that man is too tricky. Especially if his friend is still old Dicky.

          Whenever the Negroes keep the Democrats in power, they’re keeping the
          Dixiecrats in power. Is this true? A vote for a Democrat is nothing but a
          vote for a Dixiecrat. I know you don’t like me saying that, but I...I’m not
          the kind of person who come here to say what you like. I’m going to tell
          you the truth whether you like it or not.

          Up here, in the North you have the same thing. The Democratic Party don’t
          --don't do it --they don’t do it that way. They got a thing that they call
          gerrymandering. They --They maneuver you out of power. Even though
          you can vote, they fix it so you’re voting for nobody; they got you going
          and coming. In the South, they’re outright political wolves. In the North,
          they’re political foxes. A fox and a wolf are both canine, both belong to the
          dog family. Now you take your choice. You going to choose a Northern dog
          or a Southern dog? Because either dog you choose I guarantee you you’ll
          still be in the dog house. #p#副標題#e#

          This is why I say it’s the ballot or the bullet. It’s liberty or it’s death. It’s
          freedom for everybody or freedom for nobody. America today finds herself
          in a unique situation. Historically, revolutions are bloody. Oh, yes, they
          are. They haven’t never had a blood-less revolution, or a non-violent
          revolution. That don’t happen even in Hollywood. You don’t have a
          revolution in which you love your enemy, and you don’t have a revolution
          in which you are begging the system of exploitation to integrate you into it.
          Revolutions overturn systems. Revolutions destroy systems.

          A revolution is bloody, but America is in a unique position. She’s the only
          country in history in a position actually to become involved in a blood-less
          revolution. The --The Russian revolution was bloody; Chinese revolution
          was bloody; French revolution was bloody; Cuban revolution was bloody;
          and there was nothing more bloody then the American Revolution. But
          today this country can become involved in a revolution that won’t take
          bloodshed. All she’s got to do is give the black man in this country
          everything that’s due him --everything.

          I hope that the white man can see this, 'cause if he don’t see it you’re
          finished. If you don’t see it you’re going to be coming --you’re going to
          become involved in some action in which you don’t have a chance. And we
          don’t care anything about your atomic bomb; it's --it’s useless because
          other countries have atomic bombs. When two or three different countries
          have atomic bombs, nobody can use them, so it means that the white man
          today is without a weapon. If you’re gonna --If you want some action,
          you gotta come on down to Earth. And there's more black people on Earth

          than there are white people on Earth.

          I only got a couple more minutes. The white man can never win another
          war on the ground. His days of war, victory, his great --his days of that
          ground victory are over. Can I prove it? Yes. Take all the action that’s
          going on on this earth right now that he’s involved in. Tell me where he’s
          winning. Nowhere.

          Why some rice farmers --some rice farmers --some rice eaters ran him
          out of Korea. Yes, they ran him out of Korea. Rice eaters with nothing but
          gym shoes and a rifle and a bowl of rice took him and his tanks and his
          napalm and all that other action he’s supposed to have and ran him across
          the Yalu. Why? 'Cause the day that he can win on the ground has passed.

          Up in French Indo-China those little peasants, rice growers, took on the
          might of the French army and ran all the Frenchmen --you remember Dien
          Bien Phu. No.

          The same thing happened in Algeria, in Africa. They didn’t have anything
          but a rifle. The French had all these highly mechanized instruments of
          warfare, but they put some guerilla action on, and a --and a --and a
          white man can’t fight a guerilla warfare. Guerilla action takes heart, takes
          nerve, and he doesn’t have that. He’s brave when he’s got tanks. He’s
          brave when he’s got planes. He’s brave when he’s got bombs. He’s brave
          when he got a whole lot of company along with him, but you take that little
          man from Africa and Asia, turn him loose in the woods with a blade, with a
          blade --that’s all he needs, all he needs is a blade –-and when the sun
          comes down --goes down and it’s dark, it’s even-steven.

          So it’s the --it's the ballot or the bullet. Today our people can see that
          we’re faced with a government conspiracy. This government has failed us.
          The senators who are filibustering concerning your and my rights, that's
          the government. Don’t say it’s Southern senators. This is the government;
          this is a government filibuster. It’s not a segregationist filibuster. It’sa
          government filibuster. Any kind of activity that takes place on the floor of
          the Congress or the Senate, that's the government. Any kind of dillydallying,
          that’s the government. Any kind of pussy-footing, that’s the
          government. Any kind of act that’s designed to delay or deprive you and
          me right now of getting full rights, that’s the government that's
          responsible. And any time you find the government involved in a
          conspiracy to violate the citizenship or the civil rights of a people, then you
          are wasting your time going to that government expecting redress.
          Instead, you have to take that government to the World Court and accuse
          it of genocide and all of the other crimes that it is guilty of today.

          So those of us whose political, and economic, and social philosophy is Black
          Nationalism have become involved in the civil rights struggle. We have
          injected ourselves into the civil rights struggle, and we intend to expand it
          from the level of civil rights to the level of human rights. As long as you're
          --As long as you're fighting on the level of civil rights, you’re under Uncle
          Sam’s jurisdiction. You’re going to his court expecting him to correct the
          problem. He created the problem. He’s the criminal. You don’t take your
          case to the criminal; you take your criminal to court. When the
          government of South Africa began to trample upon the human rights of the
          people of South Africa, they were taken to the U.N. When the government
          of Portugal began to trample upon the --the rights of our brothers and
          sisters in Angola, it was taken before the U.N. Why even the white man
          took the Hungarian question to the U.N. And just this week Chief Justice

          Goldberg was crying over 3 million Jews in Russia about their human
          rights, charging Russia with violating the U.N. charter because of its
          mistreatment of the human rights of Jews in Russia.

          Now you tell me how can the plight of everybody on this earth reach the
          halls of the United Nations, and you have 22 million Afro-Americans whose
          churches are being bombed, whose little girls are being murdered, whose -
          whose leaders are being shot down in broad daylight. Now you tell me
          why the leaders of this struggle have never taken it before the United

          So our next move is to take the entire civil rights struggle problem into the
          United Nations and let the world see that Uncle Sam is guilty of violating
          the human rights of 22 million Afro-Americans.... #p#副標題#e#

          [short audio gap...content uncertain]

          [Uncle Sam...] and still has the audacity or the nerve to stand up and
          represent himself as the leader of the free world. Not only is he a crook,
          he’s a hypocrite. There he is standing up in front of other people, Uncle
          Sam, with the blood of your and mine mothers and fathers on his hands,
          with the blood dripping down his jaws like a bloody-jawed wolf, and still
          got the nerve to point his finger at other countries. You can’t even get civil
          rights legislation. And this man has got the nerve to stand up and talk
          about South Africa, or talk about Nazi Germany, or talk about [unclear].
          Nah, no more days like those.

          So, I say in my conclusion the only way we're going to solve it --we gotta
          unite in unity and harmony, and Black Nationalism is the key. How we
          gonna overcome the tendency to be at each other's throats that always
          exists in our neighborhoods? And the reason this tendency exists, the
          strategy of the white man has always been divide and conquer. He keeps
          us divided in order to conquer us. He tells you I’m for separation and
          you're for integration to keep us fighting with each other. No, I’m not for
          separation and you’re not for integration. What you and I is for is freedom.
          Only you think that integration will get you freedom, I think separation will
          get me freedom. We both got the same objective. We just got different
          ways of getting at it.

          So I...studied this man, Billy Graham, who preaches White Nationalism.
          That’s what he preaches. I say that’s what he preaches. The whole church
          structure in this country is White Nationalism. You go inside a white church
          --that’s what they preaching: White Nationalism. They got Jesus white,
          Mary white, God white, everybody white --that’s White Nationalism. So
          what he does --the way he --the way he --the way he circumvents the --
          the jealousy and envy that he ordinarily would incur among the heads of
          the church, wherever he go into an area where the church already is you
          going into trouble, 'cause they got that thing --what you call it --
          syndicated, they got a syndicate just like the Racketeers have. I’m going to
          say what’s on my mind 'cause the churches are, the preachers already
          proved to you that they got a syndicate.

          And when you're out in the rackets, whenever you're getting in another
          man’s territory, you know, they gang up on you. And that’s the same way
          with you --you ran into the same thing. So how Billy Graham gets around
          that, instead of going into somebody else’s territory, like he going to start
          up a new church, he don't --he doesn’t try to start a church. He just goes
          in preaching Christ. And he says everybody who believe in Him, you go

          wherever --you go wherever you find him. So this helps all the churches
          and so since it helps all the churches they don’t fight him.

          Well, we gonna do the same thing, only our gospel is Black Nationalism.
          His gospel is White Nationalism; our gospel is Black Nationalism. And the
          gospel of Black Nationalism, as I told you, means you should control your
          own --the politics of your community, the economy of your community,
          and all of the society in which you live should be under your control.
          And...once you...feel that this philosophy will solve your problem, go join
          any church where that’s preached. Don’t join a church where White


          Nationalism is preached. Now you can go to a negro church and be


          exposed to White Nationalism, 'cause you are --when you walk in a negro

          Online G

          church and a white Mary and some white angels --that Negro church is


          preaching White Nationalism.

          Invitatio tendernew

          But when you go to a church and you see the pastor of that church with a
          philosophy and a program that’s designed to bring black people together
          and elevate black people --join that church. Join that church. If you see
          where the NAACP is preaching and practicing that which is designed to

          King Go

          make Black Nationalism materialize --join the NAACP. Join any kind of

          organization -- civic, religious, fraternal, political, or otherwise that’s based

          You Ded
          on lifting the black man up and making him master of his own community.

          It’ll be --It’ll be the --the ballot or it’ll be the bullet. It’ll be liberty or it’ll
          be death. And if you’re not ready to pay that price don’t use the word
          freedom in your vocabulary.

          Black S
          One more thing: I was on a program in Illinois recently with Senator Paul Full text
          Douglas, a so-called liberal, so-called Democrat, so-called white man, for Black
          at...which time he told me that our African brothers were not interested in Over 12
          us in Africa. He said the Africans are not interested in the American Negro. everythi
          I knew he was lying, but during the next two or three weeks it’s my whoop
          intention and plan to make a tour of our African homeland. And I hope that sermonide
          when I come back, I’ll be able to come back and let you know how our
          African brothers and sisters feel toward us. And I know before I go there
          that they love us. We’re one; we’re the same; the same man who has Black C
          colonized them all these years, colonized you and me too all these years. Singles
          And all we have to do now is wake up and work in unity and harmony and God Ble
          the battle will be over. Hot Chr

          Private C
          I want to thank the Freedom Now Party and the [unclear]. I want to thank Profiles

          Milton and Richard Henley for inviting me here this afternoon, and also
          Reverend Cleage. And I want them to know that anything that I can ever
          do, at any time, to work with anybody in any kind of program that is
          sincerely designed to eliminate the political, the economic, and the social
          evils that confront all of our people, in Detroit and elsewhere, all they got
          to do is give me a telephone call and I’ll be on the next jet right on into the